Type 1 Diabetes

Characteristics of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus:

  • Happens in 5-10% of persons diagnosed with diabetes.
  • Mostly in children and adults up to 30 years of age (may occur at any age).
  • Requires insulin injections for survival.
  • Prone to Ketoacidosis (life threatening condition characterized by sweet fruity odor to the breath, dehydration, and coma).
 

Signs and Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes include:

  • Frequent urination (polyurea)
  • Excessive Thirst (polydipsia)
  • Excessive hunger (polyphasia)
  • Rapid weight loss

Causes of Type 1 Diabetes:

  • Partly genetic
  • Autoimmune process where body thinks the Beta cells in the pancreas (where insulin is produced) is the enemy and they self-destruct
  • Viral infection may be the trigger for the process to begin

Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes (preferably by a diabetes specialist called an Endocrinologist):

  • Insulin injections
  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Self Blood Glucose Monitoring
  • Education

Type 1 Diabetes - Goals of Treatment:

Blood glucose control goals should be set by a team comprised of the physician, patient, family members, and other diabetes management team members. Goals should be individualized to fit patient characteristics and needs.

  • Prevent symptoms of high blood glucose/sugar (hyperglycemia)
  • Prevent ketosis
  • Maintain weight within a desirable range
  • Maintain normal growth rate in children and adolescents
  • Minimize low blood glucose/sugar (hypoglycemia)
  • prevent hospitalization
  • Prevent or postpone the development of retinopathy (eye disease), nephropathy (kidney disease), neuropathy (nerve damage), heart disease, and stroke
  • Before meals blood glucose/sugar = 80-120 mg/dL
  • Bedtime blood glucose/sugar = 100-140 mg/dL
Get a Free Diabetes Meter
First Name *

Enter first name
Last Name *

Enter last name
Phone Number *

Enter a USA phone # with no symbols
Email Address

Enter email address


Please be assured that we value and protect your privacy. By submitting this information, I authorize Advanced Diabetes Supply to contact me.

Nationally Accredited

NABP LogoAdvanced Diabetes Supply was the first pharmacy to become accredited through the new DMEPOS accreditation program by the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy.

Read article...

Stay Connected