Cats are one of the most popular pets in American homes these days. They’re very loving pets and capable of providing you years of companionship. Just like any other animal or pet for that matter, cats sometimes get sick. There are several different types of ailments that cats get and one of those is diabetes. Yes, cats can also have diabetes. Also known as “Feline diabetes”, but Diabetes nonetheless is a serious disease in cats just as it is in humans, although it can be treated by a veterinarian.
Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar (glucose), starches and other food into energy that we need to live our daily life. The cause of diabetes continues to be a puzzle, although researchers know that both genetics and factors such as obesity and lack of exercise appear to play vital roles.
Although you’d like to forget about your diabetes while you’re on vacation, you actually need to spend a little bit of extra time making sure that you stay healthy while you’re traveling.
Healthy eating has never been easier, thanks to the food nutrition label. Most foods in the grocery store have a nutrition label and an ingredient list. Claims like “low cholesterol” and “fat free” can be used only on a label if a food meets legal standards set by the government.
Reading the nutrition label can help you choose foods that make up a healthful diet. Eating a healthful diet can help reduce your risk factors for certain diseases. For example, too much saturated fat and cholesterol can possibly raise blood cholesterol (a risk factor for heart disease). Too much sodium may be linked to high blood pressure. High blood pressure is a risk factor for heart attack and stroke. Being healthy daily is up to you. In addition to eating a balanced, nutritious diet daily also stay active, do not smoke and watch your weight.
Here is a chart which provides some key words and health claims on product labels, and what they mean as defined by the government.
|If a food claims to be…||It means that one serving of the product contains…|
|Calorie free||Less than 5 calories|
|Sugar free||Less than 0.5 grams of sugar|
|Fat free||Less than 0.5 grams of fat|
|Low fat||3 grams of fat or less|
|Reduced fat or less fat||At least 25 percent less fat than the regular product|
|Low in saturated fat||1 gram of saturated fat or less, with not more than 15 percent of the calories coming from saturated fat|
|Lean||Less than 10 grams of fat, 4.5 grams of saturated fat and 95 milligrams of cholesterol|
|Extra lean||Less than 5 grams of fat, 2 grams of saturated fat and 95 milligrams of cholesterol|
|Light (lite)||At least one-third fewer calories or no more than half the fat of the regular product, or no more than half the sodium of the regular product|
|Cholesterol free||Less than 2 milligrams of cholesterol and 2 grams (or less) of saturated fat|
|Low cholesterol||20 or fewer milligrams of cholesterol and 2 grams or less of saturated fat|
|Reduced cholesterol||At least 25 percent less cholesterol than the regular product and 2 grams or less of saturated fat|
|Sodium free or no sodium||Less than 5 milligrams of sodium and no sodium chloride in ingredients|
|Very low sodium||35 milligrams or less of sodium|
|Low sodium||140 milligrams or less of sodium|
|Reduced or less sodium||At least 25 percent less sodium than the regular product|
|High fiber||5 grams or more of fiber|
|Good source of fiber||2.5 to 4.9 grams of fiber|
If you can’t remember the definitions of all of the terms, use these general guidelines instead:
- “Free” means a food has the least possible amount of the specified nutrient.
- “Very Low” and “Low” means the food has a little more than foods labeled “Free.”
- “Reduced” or “Less” mean the food has 25 percent less of a specific nutrient than the regular version of the food.
Here are a few more tips for getting as much health information as possible from the Nutrition Facts label:
- Remember that the information shown in these panels is based on 2,000 calories a day. You may need to consume less or more than 2,000 calories depending upon your age, gender, activity level, and whether you’re trying to lose, gain or maintain your weight.
- In general, as you think about the amount of calories in a food per serving, remember that for a 2,000-calorie diet:
40 calories per serving is considered low;
100 calories per serving is considered moderate; and
400 calories or more per serving is considered high.
- When the Nutrition Facts label says a food contains “0 g” of trans fat, but includes “partially hydrogenated oil” in the ingredient list, it means the food contains trans fat, but less than 0.5 grams of trans fat per serving. So, if you eat more than one serving, you could quickly reach your daily limit of trans fat. Be careful!
Almost one third of people living with diabetes don’t even know they have it. The symptoms of diabetes seem so harmless and often get disregarded as part of just getting older. This blog goes into the main types of diabetes and the most common symptoms related to each of them to help you better understand diabetes and how to identify it before it’s too late.
Antioxidants have received a lot of attention in recent years, in relation to wellness and disease prevention. More studies are needed to better understand how antioxidants may affect diabetes management and treatment.
Several vitamins and minerals are classified as antioxidants. An antioxidant is a substance that reduces cellular damage. Our bodies produce some antioxidants naturally. Certain foods are also good sources of antioxidants. It’s well accepted that eating foods rich in antioxidants is a healthful thing to do. The jury is split on whether or not to use vitamin supplements to further boost antioxidant intake. Some studies show benefit from supplementing with antioxidant vitamins, while other studies aren’t so conclusive.
Working with Medicare is one of the biggest challenges for people seeking coverage of diabetes supplies and services. ‘”People have a hard time with Medicare,'” says Tim Cady of Advanced Diabetes Supply (www.northcoastmed.com.), a division of North Coast Medical Supply in San Diego.
Tim should know, because his national mail order diabetes company specializes in helping people who have Medicare insurance get their testing and insulin pump supplies. Medicare is the nation’s largest health insurance program, covering about 40 million people.
In May 2014, a report released jointly by the California Center for Public Health Advocacy and the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research reconfirmed what many have known for some time now, Latinos have a very high risk for developing diabetes. The reason for the prevalence has long been discussed. Just last year, researchers published findings indicating that genetics may play a serious role in it. But more research still needs to be done on the topic.
Until recently most treatments for diabetic neuropathy have been painkillers that helped some people but not others. Even if they helped control the pain, they did nothing to reverse the neuropathy. My web page on “Diabetic Neuropathy” describes many of these treatments.
About half of us have some degree of neuropathy. It is probably the most common complication of diabetes.
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