Gestational Diabetes

HomePatient SupportDiabetesDiabetes EducationGestational Diabetes

Cause of Gestational Diabetes:

  • Hormones produced by the placenta induce an environment of stress producing an insulin resistant state in the mother (see insulin resistance under Type 2 Diabetes).

Gestational Diabetes Screening Test:

  • drinking a 50-gram oral glucose solution followed by a 1-hour blood glucose test.
  • If result is equal to or greater than 140 mg/dl, further testing required.

Diagnostic Test for Gestational Diabetes:

  • drinking 100-gram oral glucose solution after an 8 hour fast
  • blood sugar test at 1, 2, and 3 hours after
  • positive diagnosis requires that any two of the four glucose values obtained during the test meet or exceed the following values:
    – Fasting – 105 mg/dl
    – 1-hour – 190 mg/dl
    – 2-hour – 165 mg/dl
    – 3-hour – 145 mg/dl

Treatment of Gestational Diabetes:

  • Diet
  • Exercise
  • Self Monitoring
    – blood sugar
    – ketones
    – baby’s movements in utero
  • Education
  • Insulin may be needed

Goals of Gestational Diabetes Treatment:

  • Maintain normal blood glucose/sugar levels
    – Fasting ≤ 90 mg/dl
    – 1-hour after meals ≤ 120 mg/dl
  • Provide a nutritionally adequate diet for pregnancy
color
https://www.northcoastmed.com/wp-content/themes/yunik-installable/
https://www.northcoastmed.com/
#99cf16
style1
paged
Loading posts...
#333333
on
none
loading
#333333
Sort Gallery
https://www.northcoastmed.com/wp-content/themes/yunik-installable
on
no
off
on
Newsletter Input text
off
off