4 Types of Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

Results from the body’s failure to produce insulin, the hormone that unlocks the cells of the body, allowing glucose to enter and fuel them. It is estimated that 5-10% of Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. Most treatment is administered with insulin pumps.

Having type 1 diabetes increases your risk for many serious complications. Some complications of type 1 diabetes include: heart disease (cardiovascular disease), blindness (retinopathy), nerve damage (neuropathy), and kidney damage (nephropathy).

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Diabetic Advice

Sorry to hear that you have joined us! Diabetes is a lot to live with, but really, it is manageable! And if you are depressed, I can understand. Being depressed is pretty common with us, especially right after a diagnosis.

In fact, if you take care of yourself, you will be healthier and happier than you ever were. That paradox is something many of us experience. Learning about diabetes… will give you…power over the disease.

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Blood sugar control: Exercise helps to lower blood sugar in two ways. First of all, exercise decreases insulin resistance, the hallmark of type 2 diabetes. Secondly, exercise increases glucose disposal. An exercising muscle simply uses more sugar than a resting muscle.

Weight control: Besides burning glucose, exercise burns fat, which helps with weight control. Excess body fat increases insulin resistance and worsens type 2 diabetes. Achieving and maintaining a reasonable weight is a key to preventing and treating type 2 diabetes.

Blood sugar control: Exercise helps to lower blood sugar in two ways. First of all, exercise decreases insulin resistance, the hallmark of type 2 diabetes. Secondly, exercise increases glucose disposal. An exercising muscle simply uses more sugar than a resting muscle.

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Approximately 50 million Americans have hypertension. That is one out of every four adults. If you are African American, make that one out of three. High blood pressure tends to run in families. It strikes more often in people over 35 years old, and by age 65, more than half of us will have high blood pressure. Women are especially susceptible after menopause. Birth control pills may cause hypertension in some women. Although more common in adults, hypertension can still affect young adults and even children. People with type 2 diabetes are twice as likely to have hypertension.

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Pregnancy is a wondrous and exciting time. Itís a time of change, both physically and emotionally. With the proper attention and prenatal medical care, most women with diabetes can enjoy their pregnancies and welcome a healthy baby into their lives.

Why Tight Blood Sugar Control Is Critically Important

Blood sugar control is important from the first week of pregnancy all the way until delivery. Organogenesis takes place in the first trimester. Uncontrolled blood sugar during the early weeks of pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage, and birth defects. (Women donít develop gestational diabetes until later in pregnancy, which means they donít share these early pregnancy risks.)

Later in the pregnancy, uncontrolled blood sugar levels can cause fetal macrosomia, which may lead to shoulder dystocia, fractures, and the need for Cesarean section deliveries. Very high blood sugar levels can increase the risk of stillbirth.

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At least half of all Americans are overweight or obese. Excess weight poses many health risks. Obesity increases the chance of developing numerous diseases such as diabetes, but can include:

  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Lipid Abnormalities
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Stroke
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
  • Certain cancers, including endometrial, breast, prostate, and colon

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Control Is Key

Too much sugar in the blood can cause many different problems in your body, including heart disease, kidney damage, blindness, and loss of feeling in your feet and hands. If you work with your doctor or health care professional, these problems can be lessened, or in some cases, avoided.

Your doctor will tell you how often you should be testing your blood sugar with a blood glucose (sugar) meter. Write down the test results and keep a record. This will tell you how well you are controlling your sugar level through diet, exercise, and diabetes medications.

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Sardines Provide Healthy Nutrients For Diabetes

The history of sardines go way back in time, but it was the emperor Napoleon Bonaparte who helped to popularize these little fish by initiating the canning of sardines, the first fish ever to be canned, in order to feed the citizens of the land over which he presided. Sardines are named after Sardinia, the Italian island where large schools of these fish were once found.

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Healthy Hair

Do you crave beautiful, strong hair? Hair and skin are great markers of overall health. Vibrant hair depends on a balanced diet. Healthy hair depends on the body’s ability to construct a proper hair shaft, as well as the health of the skin and follicles. Eating healthy daily and good nutrition assures the best environment for building strong, lustrous hair.

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Blood Glucose Testing

If you have diabetes, you know the importance of taking accurate readings of your blood glucose level. Keeping a log of your results will help your doctor judge how well you’re responding to treatment; and how your medication, diet, exercise and other factors such as illness or stress affect your blood sugar levels. It also important to know at any point in time whether your blood glucose levels are dangerously high or low.

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